Football, otherwise known as Association football, or just football is a round shaped game played between two sides of eleven players, usually with goalkeepers on each side. It is the most popular sport in the world, with almost 250 million people playing it in more than 200 nations and dependencies. The game was developed in Europe, where it has been a part of the sporting culture for decades, and is one of the most watched sports in history. In the United States, football is becoming an even more popular pastime, and this popularity is likely to grow even more in the coming years.
Soccer, as football is also called, was created in the late nineteenth century in Germany. Two teams were created, with one consisting of men and one women, and the game was played on a field that had a goal line, or end zone. The men would wear black trousers, black boots, and black shirts, while the women wore white skirts and long dresses. The point of the game was to kick the ball towards the opponents goal from the end zone. The game was called football, or “fussball” in German.
The object of the game was simple and easy to understand. Two teams would line up on opposite ends of the field, with the women on one team, and the men on the other. The women and men wore jerseys made of wool, cotton, or another light fabric, and the game was called “handicap football”. The opposing teams were separated by two posts, and they used footballs with either hard rubber or leather tops, with spiked soles. These were referred to as “pens”, and the game was usually played overtime if there was an overtime.
A penalty was not allowed during play, and a penalty would result in a penalty kick being given to the other team. Each team lined up behind their respective goal, with their respective ball, or “pens” between their legs. When a football was kicked between the legs of an opposing team, and it didn’t touch the goalpost or the opposite team’s goal, a “free kick” was given. This was referred to as the “penalty kick”.
To stop the game, a field goal, or “end zone” kick was made by the offense. A corner kick or special teams kick was also allowed, if the ball didn’t touch any of the team’s goals before being kicked in. After the ball was kicked, a goal post or “golden dot” was used to mark the point of the goal. This is referred to as the “convert mark”.
The last part of the game, which many don’t realize, is that once a kick is made, it cannot be made again for another five minutes. The only time a kick can be made is when it passes through the goal area and then back toward the end zone. If the ball doesn’t go in the intended direction on this last kick, it is called a “game turnover”, or” turnovers”. This turnover became very important in the NFL during the merger years when the two conferences had different rules regarding when a team could possession of the ball. The NFL moved the goal line to ten yards and the overtime rule was added so there would be more opportunities for the winning team to score.